Sunday, October 28, 2012

Muslim Scientific Traditions



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I Idly open old files, and found some notes of the answer of daily tests of Islamic subjects in my 1st Semester at Biology UM, in addition to questions about the phenomenon of secularism, and Democracy in Islam, the other question is about the scientific tradition in Islam. Here's an answer that I wrote, I share this short article, I hope it bring some benefits. :)

Allah SWT says: “Allah SWT berfirman: “Indeed, in the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation of the night and the day are signs for those of understanding” (ali imron 190).

Islam is a religion that upholds rationality, Allah also promised to raise the rank of the people with knowledge.  Because of that, in the 7th to 14th AD, there so many Muslim thinkers. They sought to explore the content of the Qur'an.

Islamic Civilization is formed on the basis of tauhid and science, then Islam plays an important role in the development of  world civilization and science. During the 7th to 14th AD, Islam had taken control of two-thirds of the world. Many western scholars, one of them is Jacques C. Riester (french) in his book La Civilization Arabe recognized that the western civilization is a result of knowledge of Islamic civilization, either directly or indirectly.

There are many achievements in science that have made by Muslim ​​scientists at the time, for example:

Astronomy
Khalifah Harun Arrasyid
Khalifah Harun Arrasyid able to build a large laboratorium of astronomy at the time.
Ikhwanussofa, a philosopher, study meteorology and geography.

Mathematic
Ummar al Khayyam, able to create a more accurate calendar than the calendar used by the west, at that time.

Chemistry
Jabir Bil Khaya’ able to find more than 500 discoveries in chemistry
Arrozi create a book entitled ”The Secret of Secret”

Natural philosophy
Ibnu Sina create  two books (one of them entitled “As-Syifa) which become general handbook for science learning.

Medical
Some of Muslim medical figure: Hunain Ibnu Ishaq, Abu Bakar Muhammad ibnu Zakariya Ar Razi, Ibnu Sina, dan Abu Mawar Abdul Malik ibnu Abil’ala Ibnu Zuhr.

Geography
Muslim figures in geography, for example: Al Biruni, Ibnu Batutah, Al Mas’udi, Yakut Ibnu Abdullah, dan Al Maqdisi.

Geometry
Muslim figures in geometry, for example:  Al Khawarizmi, An Niraizi, @li Al Hasan Ibnu Haitam, dan Umar Khayam.


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